Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory skin condition that affects over three million Canadians. Rosacea is a chronic, inflammatory disorder of the hair follicles and blood vessels characterised by redness, flushing, burning, discomfort, inflamed papules and pustules. It occurs more frequently in women but more severely in men and tends to occur most often between the ages of 30 to 50 years.
Common types of Rosacea
Type 1 – Facial redness, flushing, visible blood vessels – ETR
- Intermittent flushing and or permanent redness on cheeks, chin, nose, forehead
- Dilated visible blood vessels (telangiectasia)
- Warmth and heat intolerance
- Sensitive skin – skin may sting or burn
- Swollen skin
- Dry, rough or scaling skin
Type 2 – Acne-like breakouts – Papulo-pustular Rosacea
- All of the above
- Acne-like breakouts where skin is red.
Type 3 – Thickening Skin – Phymatous Rosacea
- Bumpy texture of skin
- Skin begins to thicken especially on nose – called Rhinophyma
- May also affect skin of chin, forehead, cheeks, ears
- Open pores with oily skin
Type 4 – Ocular Rosacea
- Dry irritated, ‘gritty’ eyes
- Recurring styes
- Swollen, itchy eyelids
- Tearing and burning
Rosacea has a number of differing triggers or stimulants which include spicy food, cold or hot weather, stress, alcohol particularly red wine. It sets up a cascade inflammatory reaction which results in the over-production of pro-inflammatory mediators and vasodilation of the skin leaving it red, flushed, irritated, and sore.
Rosacea can seriously impact on self esteem and can even lead to depression with emotional, social and professional consequences.
Rosacea does not resolve on its own, and untreated rosacea can worsen over time. Unlike acne, self-treating with over-the-counter products may not help, and may even irritate skin more — causing more redness and bumps. Your family doctor or dermatologist can prescribe various treatments and recommend appropriate skin care products and cosmetics.
Sticking with your recommended treatment will improve symptoms within a few weeks.
There are a variety of medical treatments for rosacea including topical and oral medication as well as laser treatment. During your skincare consultation, a detailed skin analysis will take place and a personalised programme will be created for your treatment.
The Palmor Icon IPL phototherapy is a most powerful state-of-the-art laser for treating vascular skin conditions such as Rosacea. This award winning laser uses a high power green laser to target abnormal blood vessels and pigment with ultra precision in the skin. IPL is a non-invasive approach to skin rejuvenation and collagen stimulation using infrared light. The procedure is ideal for any part of your face, neck, or décolleté which show redness, and telangiectasia (tiny veins) or brown spots. It has been recommended for skin discoloration from sun damage and flushing symptoms from Rosacea.
1. IPL phototherapy– essential maintenance procedure that diminishes background redness
2. Medical treatments – both topical and systemic for inflamed pimples
3. Daily Advanced skin care – must include sun protection